The word Pranayama, therefore, means the restraint of vital energies.
It is the control of vital energy which tingles through the nerves of persons.
It moves his muscles and causes him to sense the external world and think his internal thought.
This energy is of such a nature that it may be called the vis viva of the animal organism.
The control of this force is what is aimed at by the Yogins by means of Pranayama.
He who conquers this, is not only the conqueror of his own existence on the physical and mental plane, but the conqueror of the whole world. For, the Prana is the very essence of cosmic life, that subtle principle which evolved the whole universe into its present form and which is pushing it towards its ultimate goal.
To the Yogi the whole universe is his body. The matter which composes his body is the same that evolved the universe. The force which pulsates through his nerves is not different from the force which vibrates through the universe.
The conquest over the body does, therefore, mean to him the conquest over the forces of nature.