Dhyana (Meditation): Basics and Practice

Facilitator: Prof R. S. Bhogal 

Medium of Communication: English 

Duration of Program: 2 days

Duration of Each Session: 2 hours with 15  minutes break after the first hour

Dates: 27th and 28th Feb 2021

Time: 16:30 to 19:00 (Indian time; +5:30 hrs GMT)

Fees: 2,100/- INR

Medium: Online Class (Zoom meeting)

“Orifice of the consciousness is situated on Bahyakasha (Outer Sky). Therefore, a human being always gravitates towards the outer world. A sadhaka, with a rare patience, alone moves inwardly in the quest of Absolute state of perennial Joy”.

Kathopanishad (2.1:4),

What is Dhyana?

Dhyana is the very process of channelizing and realizing our phenomenal, creative and transcendental potentialities, through freedom from all existential psychosocial problems, mastering our psychophysiological faculties and availing a felt sense of “inward fulfillment” and “Absolute Joy”.

How Dhyana Works?

Dhyana stimulates our mental and physical faculties creating “Comprehensive Awareness” and “Comprehensive Freedom” within us. Thus, a minimum tensions and maximum awareness is created making our energy dynamics fully functional throughout the body. The resulting Sensory Feedback, in turn, makes our mental dynamics fully functional and effective. Thus, a harmonious Mind-Body interaction ensues, giving us a perfect health and well-being, here and now.

Traditional View of Dhyana:

With the root “Dhyai” and suffix “un” the word Dhyana means devotional longing. Patanjala Yoga Sutra defines (III: 2) Dhyana as “Pratyayasya Ekatanata” (one pointed flow of one’s ‘un-definably subtler’ abstract awareness). Etymologically, the terms Prayer/Prarthana and Dhyana convey the common “experiential and transcendental” phenomena.

Guidelines for the Beginners of Dhyana Practice:

Integrating the experiential phenomena into the practice of Dhyana? The following practices act as the initial level of Pratyahara:

  • Experiential or Bhava Paksha is initiated through the tolerably sufficient amount of the conceptual understanding of Dhyana, towards infusing a required amount of motivation level for orienting ourselves towards the practice of Dhyana. The very first step, towards ingraining the experiential phenomena, is to prepare our mental set for Dhyana Practice. Adya Shankaracharya has suggested the following guidelines for the same in Viveka Chdamani (368):

Yogasya Prathamam DvaramVangnirodha Aparigrahah I
Nirasha cha Niriha cha Nityamekantashilata II

(The very first door of  yoga constitutes of five conditions to be fulfilled namely, restraint on speech (both verbal & sub vocal), non-hoarding, non-expectation, non-dependence and observance of a regular silence).

  • Kapalabhati
  • Kriya Yoga practices/Sagarbha Pranayama
  • Breathing Awareness Technique – 1 & 3

Having thus gained a mental set for the Dhyana practice the beginner would have to practice at least one of the Pratyahara techniques available, before moving into Samapatti, Dharana, Dhyana and Samadhi (Antaranga Yoga)

Outline of the Workshop

  1. Preparing oneself before initiating the practice of Dhyana
  2. Concept of Dhyana in Patanjala Yoga Sutra and in Bhagwat Gita
  3. In-depth Understanding of Dharana-Dhyana-Samadhi
  4. Understanding of Dhyana in Shiva Samhita
  5. Dharana Practices from Vijnana Bhairava Tantra, Agnipurana and those based on Patanjala Yoga Sutra
  6. Basic tenets and down-to-earth ‘steps’ of the practical Dhyana from Buddhist tradition and Upanishads
  7. Precautionary measure to be taken into account while in the process of Dhyana
  8. Some quick Dhyana Technique for daily life.

Benefits of Dhyana

  1. In a recent qualitative study done at Kaivalyadhama, Lonavla, has evidenced that practice of Dhyana in supine posture proves to be instrumental in gaining a better quality of sleep, general concentration, natural control on anger, problem solving ability, ‘mind–body purification,’ confidence and courage in life related trying situation and so on.
  2. Quantitative study has proved a significant enhancement in cellular health, indicative of an enhanced immunity, and a significant reduction in Resting Metabolic Rate which is indicative of a slower aging process.
  3. Research and clinical observations have amply indicated its utility in helping Insomnia, Migraine, Body-ache, Tension Headache, Hypertension, Body-ache, stress anxiety and other stress related disorders.

About the Facilitator:

Prof R. S. Bhogal is Joint Dir. Research at Kaivalyadhama, Lonavla, with more than thirty years of research and teaching experience. Formerly, Principal of Yoga College of Kaivalyadhama (Lonavla), he is Editor-in-Chief of Yoga Mimamsa (a biennial scientific Journal) of Kaivalyadhama, and is author of seven books, including
i. Psycho-physiology of Traditional Yoga (in Korean)
ii. Yoga and Modern Psychology (in English and German)
iii. Yoga and Mental Health and Beyond (in English, Bulgarian, Brazilian Portuguese, Chinese & Korean)
iv. Yoga-Psychology & Beyond (English).
Prof. Bhogal is credited with a large number of scientific papers and is a recipient of many National & International awards and accolades. Widely travelled for spreading the message of classical meditation in many cities across Asia, America and Europe, he is meditation expert of International repute.

Advance Meditation Workshops, Advance Meditation Courses
Prof R. S. Bhogal 

Practices and their sequence are subject to change, as per the demand of the emergent time


27. 02. 2021

16:30 to 17: 30

Followed by Interactive session: 17:45 to 18:00 


i. Dhyana: Concept & foundations: Traditional & psycho-physiological understanding: 10 min.

ii. Dhyana: Preparation, process and precautions: 15 min.


Breathing  Awareness Technique – 1 & 3, leading to Pratyahara- Samapatti-Dharana – Dhyana-Samadhi (Patanjala Yoga perspective): 25 min.


Kapalabhati & Kriya Yoga:  Tapah, Swadhyaya, Ishwara Pranidhana:  (practical session) leading to Meditation in seated posture: 20 min.

27. 02. 2021

Followed by Interactive session/Quick meditation techniques


Classical practice of Sagarbha Pranayama leading to Bija Mantra Dharana & meditative state: 15 min.


Concept of Pratyahara & Samapatti and their application into Classical method of Supine Meditation of Shiva Samhita: 20 min.


Classical mode of Practice of Omkar/Aamen/Aameen, followed by Antah Karana Dharana followed by Supine Meditation of Shiva Samhita: 25 min.

28. 02. 2021

16:30 to 17: 30


Pratyahara of Vasishtha Samhita followed by Dharana of Vijnana Bhairava Tantra, leading to seated Meditation: 25 min.


Practice of Prakriti Laya Dharana, Omkar Dharana followed by Supine Meditation of Shiva Samhita (Practical Session): 45min.

28. 02. 2021

Followed by Interactive session/Quick meditation techniques


Practice of Sense Pratyahara, followed by three of the Shodas Aadhar, Lakshya Traya  Dharana (Agni Purana) culminating into Yoga Meditation (seated): 35 min


Bhagwat Gita’s Basic Principles  applied while in the process of Meditation: Dharana through Omkar leading to seated Meditation: 25 min.

Recording: Post-workshop recordings will be provided for duration of 7 days. You will get it via email. By any chance you cannot attend the online workshop then you are welcome to hear the recording within the 7 days as many times you would like. 

Please be mindful that we are sharing the recording/s in a good faith to support you in your practices or study. Please honor its intellectual property rights by not downloading it on your device or forward it to any other person. 

Participation Certificate: At the end of the workshop you will get a certification of participation. Please register with the name you would like to receive a certificate with. 



Zoom app downloaded on your tab, smartphone or PC / Laptop with internet connection.


Rs. 2,100/-

Date and Timings

Date: 27th and 28th Feb 2021  

Time:16:30 to 19:00 (Indian time; +5:30 hrs GMT) 


Query for this workshop? Please email us – onlineworkshops@kdham.com