Scientific Research

The laboratories in the department are equipped with modern scientific instruments to carry out fundamental and applied research work in Yoga.

  1. Research: Projects of scientific research in Yoga undertaken to establish the relation between yoga and modern scientific disciplines as well as, fundamental nature, validity and applications of Yoga practices by means of scientific methods. 
  2. Awareness: Involves activities, events, and publications that create awareness in people about Yoga and health.
  3. Training: Training activities for community and faculty development, as well as, teaching and mentoring of institutional course students.
  4. Service: Renders income-generating and non-paid services of bio-chemical, physiological and psychological investigations to institutional and external clients.
  5. Information: Activities and events that impart information to common people about scientific research in Yoga conducted by the department.

Funded Projects

CRC Scheme

Central Council for Research in Yoga & Naturopathy (CCRYN) has established its third Collaborative Research Centre (CRC) in collaboration with KSMYM Samiti (Kaivalyadham), Lonavla. This CRC Centre will work on Shat Kriya and Pranayama research.

EMR Project

This project is sanctioned by Department of AYUSH under the EMR Scheme’s special call for research on Diabetes. In this project researchers are addressing the pre-diabetic population and studying the gene expression with the purpose of delaying and averting the onset and/or symptoms of Diabetes.

  • Scientific & Industrial Research Organization (SIRO), the Department of Scientific & Industrial Research, Ministry of Science & Technology, Government of India has accorded recognition to Kaivalyadhama, since, 1988 as an Institute of Scientific Research.
  • The institute has been recognized by the University of Pune, as a Research Centre from the year 1984. Looking at the research activities of the institute University of Pune has granted permanent recognition from the year 2007.
  • Kaivalyadhama has been approved by the Central Government for the purpose of clause (ii) of subsection (1) of section 35 of the Income-tax Act, 1961 with effect from 1.4.2008. In the category of ‘Other Institution’, partly engaged in research activities.
  • Jnana Prabodhini Institute of Psychology, Jnana Prabodhini Bhavan, 510 Sadashiv Peth, Pune 411030.
  • Kridakul, Jnana Prabodhini Nigdi, Pune.
  • International Society for Scientific Interdisciplinary Researches in the Field of Yoga, represented by the President Prof. Predrag K. Nikic, New Belgrade, Serbia.
  • Centre for Yoga Therapy Education & Research (CYTER), Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth, Pondicherry
  • SNDT University, Mumbai & Pune
  • GeneOmbio Technologies Pvt. Ltd., Pune
  • Indian Red Cross Society, Lonavala,branch
  • KEM Hospital, Mumbai
  • National Institute for Research in Reproductive Health (NIRRH), Mumbai
  • Dr. R.N. Cooper Hospital, Mumbai
  • Samwad Shaala, Lonavala
  • Talegaon Medical College
  • University of La Laguna, Canary Islands, Spain

1. Bhogal, R. S., Thakur, G. S. & Shete, S. U. (2016). Differential impact of Shavasana and Meditation on Memory Scores in Healthy college students. Yoga Mimamsa, 48 (1&2), 9-12. [HTML]

2. Kulkarni, D. D., Bhogal, R. S., Verma, A., & Shete, S. U. (2016). Bio-electrical activity: As a valid variable in yoga research. Yoga Mimamsa48(1), 13. [HTML]

3. Bhogal, R. S. (2015). Scientific Research in Yoga: Recent Trends, Pradigmatic Stalemate & Future Hopes. Lonavla: Souvenir of 8th International Conference on Yoga & Education:  Principles & Practice.  

4. Tiwari, S., Telles S., Goel, A., & Verma, A. (2014). Beliefs of yoga practitioners about yoga as a science: A survey in Mumbai. Yoga Mimamsa, 46, 15-19.

5. Doddoli, S., Shete, S. U., Patil, S., & Doddoli, G. (2014). Possible effects of hot yoga: An objective approach. Yoga Mimamsa, 46(1), 9-14.

6. Menon, P., Doddoli, S., Singh, S., & Bhogal, R. S. (2014). Personality correlates of mindfulness: A study in an Indian setting. Yoga Mimamsa, 46, 29-36.

7. Maheshananda, S., Bera, T. K., Gore, M. M., Bhogal, R. S., Kulkarni, D. D., Oak, J. P., Shete, S. U., & Thakur, G. S. (2012). Management of suicidal tendency through yoga amongst adolescent students. Yoga-Mimamsa, 44(3), 162-179.

8. Verma, A. (2012). Micronutrient absorption and yoga : A critical bibliographic study. Yoga-Mimamsa, 44(1), 31-40.

9. Shepal, A. V. (2012). Global prevalence of diabetes and role of yoga: Evaluative annotations. Yoga-Mimamsa, 44(1), 41-51.

10. Bhogal, R. S. (2012). Evolving a synthesis of modern and yogic interventional strategies for personality development of holistic nature. Yoga-Mimamsa, 44(1), 52-62.

11. Thakur G.S. (2012). Suicidal tendency in adolescent students of India: A survey study. Yoga-Mimamsa, 43 (4), 265-274.

12. Thakur, G. S., Shete, S. U., & Kulkarni, D. D. (2012). Effect of yoga training on hand steadiness in school students. Yoga-Mimamsa, 43(4), 297-303.

13. Thakur, G. S., Shete, S. U., & Verma, A. (2011). Short term yoga intervention on occupational stress and quality of sleep in Kendriya Vidyalaya teachers. Yoga- Mimamsa, 43(3), 205-214.

14. Kulkarni, D. D. (2011). Understanding HIP of yoga practice effects: A neuropsychological approach. Yoga-Mimamsa, 43(2), 152-164.

15. Bera, T. K., Shete, S. U., Verma, A., & Sharma, N. (2017). Psychophysiological responses across the menstrual cycle in low fit college women after yoga training. Yoga Mimamsa, 49(1), 3-8.

16. Bera, T. K., Chourasia, K., Shete, S. U., & Verma, A. (2017). Influence of pranayama on breath holding capacity and reaction time of junior state level elite swimmers. Yoga Mimamsa, 49(2), 63-67.

17. Verma, A., Shete, S. U., & Doddoli, G. (2017). Effect of yoga and panchakarma therapy on psychophysiological variables: A pilot study. Yoga Mimamsa, 49(2), 48-52.

Peer-reviewed journals, books and conference souvenirs

1. Doddoli, S., Shete, S. U., Kulkarni, D. D., & Bhogal, R. S. (2016). Effect of yoga training on lipid metabolism in industrial workers with reference to body constitution (Prakriti). Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicinehttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcme.2016.08.001

2. Tiwari, S., Telles S., Goel, A., & Verma, A. (2015). Beliefs about yoga: A survey in Mumbai. Journal of Biological and Scientific Opinion, 3(4), 176-180. [PDF] 

3. Doddoli, S., Kulkarni, D. D., Shete, S. U., & Bhogal, R. S. (2015). Effect of yoga training on resting metabolic rate (RMR) and body fat metabolism in the context of body constitution (prakriti). International Ayurvedic Medical Journal, 3(1), 14-21. [PDF]

4. Rajbhoj, P. H., Shete, S. U., Verma, A., & Bhogal, R. S. (2015). Effect of yoga module on pro and anti inflammatory cytokines among industrial workers of Lonavla: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, 9(2), 1-5. [HTML] [PDF] 

5. Kulkarni, D. D., Bhat, R., & Bhogal, R. S. (2015). Gayatri as Iso-Red-Shift of Astrophysical Event. Ancient Science, 2(2), 20-25. [PDF]

6. Kulkarni, D. D., Doddoli, S., & Bhogal, R. S. (2015). Effect of yoga training on bio-energy dynamics with reference to bioelectrical impedance and tridosha in dominant nostril breathing types – A pilot study. International Journal of Innovative and Applied Research, 3(10), 47-58. [PDF]

7. Bhogal, R.S. & Nagarajan, Karuna (2015). Yoga Education: B.Ed Yoga Programme. New Delhi: National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE). [PDF] 

8. Bhogal, R.S. & Shinde,C.G.(2015). Yoga for the Middle Aged, New Delhi: Souvenir of National Yoga Week, MDNIY, 64-67.

9. Verma, Anita., Shete, S.U., Thakur, G.S., Kulkarni, D.D., & Bhogal, R.S. (2014). The effect of yoga practices on micronutrient absorption and physical fitness in rural residential school children: A randomized controlled trial. International Journal of Research in Ayurveda and Pharmacy, 5(2), 179-184. [PDF]

10. Verma, Anita., Shete, S.U., Thakur, G.S., Kulkarni, D.D., & Bhogal, R.S. (2014). The effect of yoga practices on cognitive development in rural residential school children in India. National Journal of Laboratory Medicine, 3(3), 15-19. [PDF]

11. Kulkarni, D.D., Doddoli, S., Shete, S.U., Verma, A., & Bhogal, R. (2014). A bio-electrical model for physiological evaluation of nadi pariksha (Ayurvedic pulse diagnosis). International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research, 2(4), 25-31. [PDF]

12. Shepal, A.V., & Shete, S. U. (2013). Effect of yoga on bio- markers linked with development of diabetes complications in type 2 diabetes patients: a preliminary study. International Journal of Recent Scientific Research, 4(4), 401-404. [PDF]

13. Pant Gaurav, Bera T. K, Shete S. U. (2013). Yoga for controlling examination anxiety, depression and academic stress among students appearing for Indian board examination. International Journal of Recent Scientific Research, 4(8),1216-1219. [PDF]

14. Shete, S. U., Kulkarni, D. D., & Thakur, G. S., (2012). Effect of yoga practices on hs-CRP in Indian railway engine drivers of metropolis. Recent Research in Science and Technology, 4(2), 30-33. [PDF]

15. Shete, S. U., Thakur, G. S., & Kulkarni, D. D. (2012). Residential yoga and diet on lipid profile in police officers. International Research Journal of Pharmacy, 3(9), 155-158. [PDF]

16.Thakur, G. S., Kulkarni, D. D., & Pant, G. (2011). Immediate Effect of Nostril Breathing on Memory Performance. Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, 55(1), 89-93. [PDF]

17. Kulkarni, D. D., & Bera, T .K. (2009).Yogic exercise and health -A psycho-neuro immunological approach. Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, 53 (1), 3-15. [PDF]

18. Mahapure, H. H., Shete, S. U., & Bera, T. K. (2008). Effect of yogic exercise on superoxide dismutase levels in diabetics. International Journal of Yoga, 1(1), 21-26. [HTML]

19. Doddoli, S., Shete, S., Kulkarni, D., & Bhogal, R. (2016). Effect of yoga training on lipid metabolism in industrial workers with reference to body constitution (Prakriti). Journal of traditional and complementary medicine7(3), 322–326.

20.Verma, A., Shete, S. U., Kulkarni, D. D., & Bhogal R. S. (2017). Effect of yoga practices on micronutrient absorption in urban residential school children. Journal of Physical Therapy Science 29(7), 1254-1258. 

21. Shete, S. U., Verma, A., Kulkarni, D. D., & Bhogal, R. S. (2017). Effect of yoga training on inflammatory cytokines and C-reactive protein in employees of small scale industries. Journal of Education and Health Promotion, 6, 76.

22. Verma, A., Shete, S. U., & Doddoli, G. (2019). An integrated therapy approach for the management of obesity-associated disorders: A case report. Journal of Family Medicine & Primary Care, 8, 1491-1494.

23. Verma, A., Shete, S. U., & Doddoli, G. (2020). Impact of residential yoga training on occupational stress and health promotion in principals. Journal of Education and Health Promotion, 9, 30.

24. Verma, A., & Shete, S. U. (2020). Effect of yoga practices on general mental ability in urban residential school children [published online ahead of print, 2020 Apr 9]. Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine, 2020;/j/jcim.ahead-of-print/jcim-2019-0238/jcim-2019-0238.xml. doi:10.1515/jcim-2019-0238

Citations received by research papers of SRD staff since 2015: 134

1. Pathak, S. D., Rajbhoj, P. H., & Bhogal, R. S. (in press). Effect of a yoga module on an enlarged prostate in elderly patients: Two case studies. Yoga Mimamsa.

2. Kulkarni, D. D., Bhat, R., Bhogal, R. S. (2017). Gayatri on Origin of Universe: A Cosmic AUM Modulation Model.

2. Kulkarni, D. D., Suchitra, D., & Bhogal, R. S. (2017). An Objective Measure of Holistic Health Diagnosis: A HIP and Bioelectric Approach.

3. Kulkarni, D. D., Verma, A., Shete, S.U., & Bhogal, R.S. (2017). Effect of Yoga Practice on Motor Neuron Current Phase  Shift in Railway Engine Drivers of Metropolis.

4. Menon, P. (2016). The scope of participatory research in yoga for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD).

5. Rajbhoj, P. H., Menon, P., Kulkarni, R., & Bhogal, R. S. (2016). A randomized controlled study on the effect of yoga on the immune status and occupational stress of iron and steel industry personnel.

Research Staff

Advance Meditation Workshops, Advance Meditation Courses

Prof. R. S. Bhogal

Jt. Director Research

Dr. Satish D. Pathak

Asst. Director – Research (SRD)

Mr. D. D. Kulkarni

Research officer

Dr. Praseeda Menon

Research officer

Mr. Sanjay Shete

Research Assistant

Ms. Anita Verma

Research Assistant

Mrs. Akshata Badave

Mrs. Akshata Badave

Scientific Assistant

Mrs. Pratibha Rajbhoj


Mr. Vivek Tiwari

yoga therapist
(crc project)

Mr. Sandeep Wankhede

yoga therapist
(crc project)

Research Advisory Committee

  1. Dr. B. N. Gangadhar (Chairman) 
  2. Dr. Anand Balyogi Bhavnani (Member)
  3. Dr. Bharat Bhushan (Member)
  4. Dr. Ravi Kulkarni (Member)
  5. Dr. Shruti Sharma (Member)
  6. Dr. Rahul Gosavi (Member)
  7. Dr. Smita Sharma (Member)

1. Comparative effect of pranadharana, nadanusandhan, Shavasana and Meditation on selected psycho-physiological and biochemical parameters in healthy college students.
2. Immediate effect of Shavasana and Meditation on  bio-phase angle, RMR and Attitude towards yoga in healthy student volunteers.
3. Education, Rehabilitation and Research Programme (ERRP) on yoga for Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (IDD)
4. The effect of a pranayama module on reduction of hypertension.
5. Effect of Yoga training on psycho-motor performance among Mumbai loco motormen.
6. Studies on effects of modern & Indian modes of “Ahara” on bioenergetics with implications to holistic health.
7. Psychological impact of a comprehensive yoga module in Cancer and Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs): An empirical study.
8. Breath, Stress and Health: A bio-cultural study of Hatha Yoga practice.
9. Role of yoga in self-regulation: A cross-cultural study on Indian And Spanish hypertensives in comparison with normotensives.
10. To study the efficacy of yoga practices on endocrine and psychological parameters in young unmarried girls with polycystic ovarian syndrome: A prospective study.1
11. Effect of yoga on diabetes in relation to HbA1c.
12. Survey study: Effect of yoga on perceived psycho-physiological health amongst students of GS College.
13. Effect of yoga practices on overweight and obese students of MIMER Medical College.
14. Efficacy of Bhramari Pranayama on Sleep Quality and Psychological Well- Being in hypertensive patients.
15. “Projects under collaborative Research Centre Scheme (Approved by CCRYN, yet to be initiated)
Effect of Jala Neti and Sutra Neti Kriyas on Breath –Body awareness
Effect of Vastra Dhauti kriya on neuro-immunological aspect in relation with gastric functions
Effect of Trataka Kriya on the measures of anxiety, mental health and immune status of rural individuals of Lonavla
Effect of Agnisara on the physiological & biochemical parameters relating vital organs in healthy subjects
Effect of Kapalabhati on antioxidant status of healthy adults”

  • To investigate various Yoga practices on modern scientific lines by using modern sophisticated equipment and techniques employed in Physiology, Bio-chemistry, Psychology, Physical Education, and allied disciplines like Ayurveda.
  • To develop methods to standardize the technique of various Yogic practices on the basis of scientific investigation.
  • To critically review the literature on Yoga in order understand yogic concepts available in related texts for facilitating scientific investigation on yoga.
  • To collect the published scientific work on yoga done in the department and elsewhere, and to prepare monograms, abstracts and bibliographies on selected yogic practices.
  • To project and disseminate the scientific information on Yoga through publication, participation in conferences and also by organizing seminars and workshops.
  • To implement research findings and suggestions for updating the theoretical and the practical training aspects in yoga, imparted at G.S. College of Yoga and Cultural Synthesis as well as in the yoga programs organized by Kaivalyadhama, in the light of the scientific researches in Yoga.
  • To collaborate and co-ordinate with the Philosophico-Literary Research Department and the Yogic Hospital of our institute, as well as, with other research institutions and agencies to facilitate generation and promotion of the scientific information relating to yogic practices.

Institutional Ethics Committee

Dr. B. B. Singh, IPR Attorney; Scientific Advisor & Advocate, High Court


  1. Dr. Ulka Natu
  2. Mrs. Sandhya Dixit
  3. Dr. Arvind Ranade
  4. Dr. Sharadchandra Bhalekar
  5. Dr.Shailesh Shah – Member (A)
  6. Adv. Tanu Mehta
  7. Dr. J. O. Bachhav
  8. Mr. Anil Chandawani – Member (A)
  9. Dr. Ganesh Rao
  10. Dr. Bharat Bhushan
  11. Dr. Bhaskar R. Shejwal – Member (A)
  12. Mrs. Pratibha Rajbhoj – Member Secretary

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